The larger “Saturnian” context of Kubrick’s films cannot be overlooked. Saturn Worship (also known as “The Saturn Cult”) is seemingly based upon the once overbearing deification of the planet we have come to know as Saturn. A number of researchers assert that the ringed planet may once have occupied a closer position to Earth in the solar system (according to mythology, Saturn was brightly visible from the Earth, occupying a relatively fixed polar north position in the sky), that the Earth and Mars may have orbited Saturn (and that this group of celestial bodies may have once existed outside of our current solar system), that Saturn may once have been a small sub-brown dwarf star, etc. Some researchers claim that a period of (possibly catastrophic) upheaval reconfigured the solar system into its current alignment. Troy D. McLachlan has written an interesting series of articles on this subject:http://saturndeathcult.com/the-sturn-death-cult-part-1/a-timeless-age-in-a-purple-haze/
Conventional science would have us believe that such large scale events haven’t occurred since the initial formation of the solar system. However, the research of Immanuel Velikovsky (as well as several others) suggests this is perhaps not the case. Notions such as “The Electric Universe” model and the effects of plasma physics and (even) hyper-dimensional energy suggest the possibility that our solar system is in a constant state of change. “The Immanuel Velikovsky Archive” http://www.varchive.org/
For an alternative scientific examination of all things Saturn, Norman R. Bergrun’s “The Ringmakers of Saturn” is also an interesting read. http://www.ringmakersofsaturn.com/
Whatever one makes of the various notions regarding Saturn, the powerful interpretation of this planet in ancient mythology and early religion seems to indicate that Saturn was revered highly above other deified celestial bodies (perhaps even more than the Sun and Moon). Modern celestial deification (in the form of the imagery and metaphor portrayed in advertising, art, music, Hollywood and so on) has pushed the significance of Saturn further into the background, favouring the Sun, Moon, and other planets like Mars and (particularly) Jupiter.
However, some elite and secret society belief systems quietly continue to look upon Saturn as a supreme deity. Saturn Worship is often personified by the significance of a black stone or cube. This object has been interpreted as everything from the alchemical “Philosopher’s Stone” to the mythological “Pandora’s Box”. “Literal” black cubes are visible in numerous worldwide locations – ranging from the Apple 24-7 Store in New York, to the Black Cube of Kabba or Mecca.
The current incarnation of the “Black Cube” appears subtly, cryptically, yet widely in contemporary popular culture. The “Allspark” cube of the “Transformers” film franchise, “Lemarchand's Box” (also known as the "Lament Configuration") in the “Hellraiser” movies, the Borg vessels in the “Star Trek” franchise, and so on, are all potential cyphers indicating the black cube concept.
One particular science fiction franchise – the contemporary revival of “Doctor Who” – appears to have a fascination with the imagery. Recent series included several “black cube” prisons designed to incarcerate Matt Smith’s “Doctor” (“Day of the Moon” and “The Pandorica Opens” – the later cube is called “The Pandorica” as in “Pandora’s Box”), as well as a strange episode (called “The Power of Three”) involving a “slow invasion” by billions of small black cubes. The Saturnian clues in “Doctor Who” were perhaps always there. One incarnation of Saturn (in mythology) is “Kronos”. The latter term is usually associated with “chronology” and “time”. The concept of “time” was allegedly created in Mesopotamia by Sargon. Sargon has also been interpreted as “Saturn”. The Doctor is, of course, a “Time Lord”. The TARDIS’ central control console has always assumed a relatively hexagonal configuration. The hexagon is used in Saturnian symbology as it is a two dimensional representation of the three dimensional “cube” shape.
Bizarrely, NASA has taken photographs showing a huge hexagonal feature that encompasses Saturn’s north-polar region! http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2013-350
Obviously, the central motif and plot-driver of Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey” is the black monolith artefact. Whilst the monolith is certainly a “black stone”, it does not technically extend to being a “cube”. The monolith’s shape is closely analogous though. The film’s screenplay co-writer, Arthur C. Clarke, allegedly had a fascination with the beliefs of The Brotherhood of Saturn. There are various examples of Saturnian symbolism in many of his novels. Some people consider Saturn to be the apex of Gnostic theology and it is worth noting that Clarke’s ground-breaking work “Childhood’s End” is considered by some to be a “Gnostic thesis”. Although the overlap between Gnosticism and Saturnian beliefs does deserve some scrutiny, I tend to view each as a separate paradigm.
The study of Gnosticism has definite merit, at least in my opinion.
Saturn Worship is fascinating and may (I say tentatively) have its origins in more benign rituals and practices. It does appear to have been ultimately usurped by certain elite parties and perverted and twisted for seemingly agenda-related purposes. For this reason, some researchers have branded all aspects of the Saturn paradigm as evil, deviant, and so on. I have tried (equally with “occult” practices and the like) to avoid weighing in on such arguments and try to stick to what is quantifiable.
Before I move away from the Gnostic subject, I have noticed that researcher John Lash has made some observations about “2001: A Space Odyssey” – not in relation to the Saturn aspect, but rather the role of the computer HAL as a symbol of the destructive nature of Artificial Intelligence, and the increasingly reverential, salvationist or submissive attitude that some humans have toward technology. “This objection comes from my studies of the Gnostic teachings that warn about HAL, simulation, artificial intelligence - AKA the Archon factor so clearly described in Gnostic Coptic texts.” "Take Back the Planet" by John Lamb Lash, 2009 - http://www.metahistory.org/dynamyth/Avatar.php
There is some controversy over the “original” setting of the story of “2001: A Space Odyssey” – was Jupiter really the intended locale (as seen in the released film) or was it Saturn (as featured in Clarke’s novel)? Arthur C. Clarke wrote the novel “concurrently with the film version and published it in 1968, after the film's release.” Arthur C. Clarke, “The Lost Worlds of 2001”, 1972, Signet
Interestingly, in Clarke's novel, the specific destination of the “Discovery” is the Saturnian moon Iapetus (which Clarke spelled with a 'J'). I have often wondered why Clarke chose this bizarre celestial body as the specific location. The NASA Cassini photographs of Iapetus revealed a perfectly linear equatorial ridge (actually three parallel ridge lines) three miles high, which span half the moon’s circumference. The moon also has an odd polygonal curvature to its surface. These abnormalities have prompted some individuals to suggest than Iapetus may be somehow “artificial” in nature. The curious similarity with George Lucas’ Imperial “Death Star” battle station (from the “Star Wars” films) has also earned Iapetus the moniker “the death star moon”.
According to Frederick Ordway, “2001: A Space Odyssey” began production with Jupiter as the intended destination of the “Discovery” mission. In his piece “2001: A Space Odyssey in Retrospect”, Ordway states that Kubrick decided (in September 1965) to change the setting to Saturn.
“persisted, pointing out the beauty of the Saturnian ring system and the spectacular visual effect of the Discovery’s travelling near or even through it. Would I do some investigation and prepare a memo outlining the latest knowledge of Saturn, its rings, and its moons, he asked? And would I focus on anything that seemed out of the ordinary, something intriguing and unexplainable that Arthur Clarke might weave into a revised screenplay? I prepared the memo, Kubrick was delighted, and Clarke backed the change with great enthusiasm. He brilliantly wrote Jupiter out and Saturn in. Everyone was happy, except for Wally Veevers, Doug Trumbull and others in the Special Effects Department. Despite their wizardry, they felt uncomfortable with the thought of having to accommodate the Discovery's moving within the Saturnian ring system. On top of all their problems, they were not in the mood to tackle a new one that might prove intractable. Anyway, they were all under severe time restraints on myriad other parts of the film.Special effects carried the day as far as the motion picture was concerned. But Clarke was so delighted with Saturn that he maintained it as the target planet in the novel version.” http://www.visual-memory.co.uk/amk/doc/0075.html
By this account, the Saturn premise was ditched due to time limitations and the restrictions of the available effects technology and the film returned to the Jupiter setting. According to Ordway, an atmosphere of tension lingered over the remainder of the production (particularly from Kubrick) following the return to the Jupiter locale.
It has also been suggested that Saturn was always the intended target and that the effects team did attempt to realise Saturn, but that “the production was unable to develop a convincing rendition of Saturn's rings; hence the switch to Jupiter.” The film’s special effects supervisor Douglas Trumbull continued to work towards resolving the technical problems involved in reproducing Saturn's rings. In 1972, he directed the film “Silent Running” and employed “effects developed but not completed for 2001.” http://www.thespacereview.com/article/1337/1
As an interesting aside, Trumbull employed actor Bruce Dern as his lead man for the Saturnian eco-epic “Silent Running”. Dern was a firm fixture of the Laurel Canyon scene and one of a group of Canyon actors (including the likes of Peter Fonda, Warren Beatty, Jack Nicholson, Dennis Hopper, Jane Fonda, etc.) known as “The Young Turks”. Researcher Dave McGowan describes the Canyon scene as one that was once associated with “Masons, the FBI, the OSS, the CIA, the secret society known as ‘Skull and Bones’, the Rothschild family, military intelligence of every conceivable stripe, the O.T.O., the RAND corporation, the ‘Neocon’ cabal and just about every other nefarious group that regularly pops up in ‘conspiracy’ literature.”
Interestingly, Bruce Dern’s paternal grandfather was FDR’s secretary of war and defence. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Dern
He also had a maternal uncle (Archibald MacLeish) who was FDR’s Director of the War. Department’s Office of Facts and Figures (War Propaganda). http://www.loc.gov/about/librarianoffice/macleish.html
MacLeish was also a member of the Skull and Bones secret society (class of 1915, one year before Prescott Bush.) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archibald_MacLeish#Early_years
During a March 6, 2011 interview on Red Ice Radio, Jay Weidner disputed the claim that the limitations of the available special effects technology had scuppered Kubrick’s intention to realise Saturn. He asserted that Kubrick was pressured to make the changes by highly placed occultists “worried that the film was too blatant in its depiction of the role played by Saturn in their occult human transmutation agenda.” http://www.redicecreations.com/radio/2011/03/RIR-110306.php
Some researchers have suggested that these possible “high placed occultists” may have also had NASA connections, given the documented connection between the film’s production and the agency. There may be other subtle clues to the Saturn Worship/NASA crossover – such as the naming of the “Saturn” rockets that were intricate to the Apollo programme.
According to Troy McLachlan, “In dealing with these occult NASA insiders while faking the Apollo 11 landings, Kubrick would have been initiated into their perception that humanity’s destiny is inextricably linked to an occult and metaphysical understanding of Saturn.” http://saturndeathcult.com/crimes-of-the-saturn-death-cult/stanley-kubrick-and-the-saturn-death-cult/
To be concluded...
Kubrick Related Articles:
Updates, 6th Annual British Exopolitics Expo & More Stanley Kubrick Apollo Fakery - http://thetruthseekersguide.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/updates-6th-annual-british-exopolitics.html
Foxes, Saturn, Kubrick, Doctor Who and The Singularity - http://thetruthseekersguide.blogspot.co.uk/2014/08/foxes-saturn-kubrick-doctor-who-and.html
A Movie About Kubrick Faking the Moon Landing? - http://thetruthseekersguide.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/a-movie-about-kubrick-faking-moon.html
Stanley Kubrick - Updates - http://thetruthseekersguide.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/stanley-kubrick-updates.html
Books available from Carl James:
Science Fiction and the Hidden Global Agenda - Volume One - http://www.lulu.com/shop/carl-james/science-fiction-and-the-hidden-global-agenda-2016-edition-volume-one/paperback/product-23209429.html
Science Fiction and the Hidden Global Agenda - Volume Two - http://www.lulu.com/shop/carl-james/science-fiction-and-the-hidden-global-agenda-2016-edition-volume-two/paperback/product-23209433.html
What Really Happened at the London 2012 Olympics - http://www.lulu.com/shop/carl-james/what-really-happened-at-the-london-2012-olympics/paperback/product-23221527.html